Major federal and international policy changes such as Open Skies—which allow a number of large cities to directly subsidize airlines—in addition to airlines reshaping through mergers and the introduction of “capacity discipline” practices, are radically transforming the global aviation sector. These changes leave gaping holes in our understanding of the future of global and U.S. domestic air transportation, especially in regard to the structure of such systems and their energy demands and emissions. This project will review major aviation policy shifts and their impacts, and estimate future energy demands and environmental effects.
Changes in the air transportation system greatly impact our current and future energy demands, and since the year 2000 the aviation system has experienced tremendous change. Major federal and international policy changes are radically re-shaping the future global aviation system and its energy demands and environmental emissions.