Lecture Kleinman Center Event

Unpacking India’s Energy and Carbon Future


Radhika Khosla
Fellow, Centre for Policy Research in India


Angela Pachon
Research Director, Kleinman Center for Energy Policy


Kleinman Center Energy Forum
220 S. 34th St
Fisher Fine Arts Library, 4th Floor
Philadelphia, PA 19104

Global perceptions of India's climate and energy future are changing rapidly. From a focus on how Indian energy needs could jeopardise climate actions, India can now often be seen as a forerunner of a low carbon future. 

Event Summary

This presentation aims to unpack India’s future energy and emissions trajectory in two ways. First, it puts forth a synthesis of recent modelling studies to more accurately delineate India’s future energy and carbon projections. The synthesis suggests that a doubling of CO2 emissions by 2030, from 2012 levels, will be the likely upper bound of the country’s emissions, and that this trajectory is consistent with its Paris Agreement pledge. Yet, the actual course within this bound remains considerably uncertain. In order to explore the conditions that will shape future emissions, the second part of the presentation focuses on energy demand. It establishes that residential electricity will be both a driver of future energy needs and also be central to demand-side mitigation. Based on surveys undertaken in 2016-17, the presentation provides new empirical evidence for the changing nature of household energy consumption. Specifically: the transition to energy efficient lighting; the appliances bought as income levels rise; and the role of behavior in determining electricity consumption. In sum, the presentation argues that while the scale of India’s energy and emissions growth is unprecedented, its impending transitions provide a window to lock-in low-carbon and equitable development.

Join the Kleinman Center for Energy Policy and the Center for the Advanced Study of India as we welcome 2017-2018 visiting scholar Radhika Khosla for this Policy Luncheon. Lunch will be provided!

View the Presentation

Unpacking India’s Energy and Carbon Future

Radhika Khosla


Radhika Khosla

Research Director, Oxford India Centre
Radhika Khosla is the research director at the Oxford India Centre for Sustainable Development. In 2017-2018 she was a visiting scholar at the Kleinman Center. 

Angela Pachon

Research Director
Angela Pachon is the research director at the Kleinman Center. She oversees the research agenda, manages the research grants and the visitor scholar programs, and develops scholarship and research collaborations across campus and beyond.