PAVE THE WAY TO A CAREER IN ENERGY POLICY with our Certificate in Energy Management and Policy, an interdisciplinary track that draws from several Penn schools.
The Kleinman Center offers a Certificate in Energy Management and Policy for professional graduate students interested in adding an understanding of energy policy to their list of educational qualifications. Students pursuing this certificate benefit from a comprehensive set of courses across several schools at Penn, with a foundational offering in the School of Design.
The certificate is available to all of Penn’s currently enrolled graduate students, but is aimed at those in the following programs:
- PennDesign—Master of City and Regional Planning
- Law—Master in Law
- SAS—Master of Public Administration
- SAS—Master of Environmental Studies
- SAS—Master of Applied Geosciences
- SEAS—Master of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics
Designed to complement the curricula of the above programs, this certificate provides an understanding of relevant topics in energy policy and the analytic skills necessary for policy development and implementation. Recipients will be well-suited for work in government organizations, think tanks, and NGOs.
Students currently enrolled at PennDesign: please complete the application for certificate programs and return to the Admissions Office, 110 Meyerson Hall or electronically with your statement of interest to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Students with a home school other than PennDesign: please complete the application via ApplyWeb. Please note that students completing a ApplyWeb application should contact the PennDesign admissions office prior to submitting their application to receive a fee waiver code.
Note: Students must be currently enrolled in a graduate program at the University of Pennsylvania to pursue the certificate.
Applications are currently closed.
Penn graduate students who wish to earn the Certificate in Energy Management and Policy must successfully complete a foundation course that serves as an introduction to energy policy, and four electives, for a total of five course units. Students are highly encouraged to participate in an applied learning experience to complement their discipline-centered course work, though it is not a requirement.
Students may petition to count a course not currently listed on the approved list toward the certificate requirement. All petitions must be submitted in writing to Cornelia Colijn (email@example.com) and should include the course description and full syllabus, in addition to a summary of the main learning outcomes of the class, prepared by the student.
Foundation (1 course unit required)
Course: ENMG 502: Introduction to Energy Policy
Electives (4 course units required)
Course: ENMG 503: Topics in Energy Policy: 21st Century Energy Revolutions
Course: ENMG 505: Policy and Design Seminar: Chokepoints and the Global Energy System
Course: ENMG 506: Shale Oil and Gas: A Systems Analysis of Changing Energy Markets
Course: ENMG 507: Ideas in Energy
Course: CPLN 531: Environmental Planning and Policy
Course: CPLN 730: Sustainable Cities
Course: CPLN 750: Air Transportation Systems Planning
Course: LARP 780: Designing with Risk
Instructors: Neises & Bouw
Course: GAFL 514: Public Finance and Public Policy
Course: GAFL 621: Public Economics
Course: OIDD/BEPP 761/ESE 567: Risk Analysis and Environmental Management
Course: FNCE 756: Energy Finance
Course: BEPP 763: Energy Markets and Policy
Instructor: van Benthem
Course: LAW 634: Environmental Law
Course: LAW 695: Land Use Law
Course: LAW 919: Energy Law and Climate Change
Course: LAW 931: Regulatory Law and Policy
Course: LAW 985: Oil and Gas Law
Course: MEAM 502: Energy Engineering in Power Plants and Transportation Systems
Course: MSE 545: Energy Storage & Technology, Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability
Introduction to Energy Policy
Instructor: William Hederman and Anna Mikulska
This course provides an advanced introduction to the design and delivery of energy policy at various levels of government in the U.S. and elsewhere. Energy, especially in the context of economic development and environmental sustainability, presents a career-defining challenge to many disciplines and professions. This course, therefore, is intended to provide an organizing foundation for courses across the University in Law, Wharton, Design, SAS, and SEAS. The first third of the course will offer readings on and energy applications of systems theory, the policy process, design thinking, decision analysis, and policy design. The middle third will explore the Quadrennial Energy Review, issued in 2015 and the first national energy policy framework in a generation. Senior DOE officials involved in the QER will provide guest lectures on the process of developing the QER and the next steps in terms of research and implementation. Students will write two short papers, give a presentation to the class, and write a group or individual research paper on an energy policy issue generated from the QER. Students will complete this course with a general foundation of how energy policy operates, a deep understanding of a fundamental U.S. energy policy document, and a substantial research project on a frontier energy policy challenge.
Topics in Energy Policy
Instructor: Mark Hughes (section 003)
This seminar will explore a collection of ideas influencing energy policy development in the U.S. and around the world. Our platform for this exploration will be seven recent books to be discussed during the semester. These books each contribute important insights to seven ideas that influence energy policy: Narrative, Transition, Measurement, Systems, Subsidiarity, Disruption, Attachment.
Topics in Energy Policy
Instructor: William Hederman (section 401)
Energy systems consist of physical components and algorithms for linking subsystems. They are complex, often spanning nations or continents and often governed by combinations of private and public agreements/regulations. It can be difficult to change the outputs and operational characteristics of complex systems. Today, energy users and suppliers—as well as governments—are demanding significant changes to key energy systems.
We will focus on several major energy systems relevant to North America, including high voltage power grids, transmission pipeline networks, and a system more local to the Philadelphia region. We will examine the current status and trends of the selected systems and will note key challenges applicable to each system. We will explore technological advances and policy changes that could enhance system performance. Students may select technical or policy topics to research. Potential topics include: renewable energy integration, Smart Grids, pipeline networks, energy storage options, and COP21 implications for energy systems.
Topics in Energy Policy, Geopolitics of Energy
Instructor: Anna Mikulska (section 402)
Energy is one of the most powerful elements of world economy and politics. Energy powers our industry and transport, shapes our physical landscapes and personal habits, and provides services that make us comfortable and secure. It is the world’s largest business and a chief ingredient of state power. But it is also a curse that enables dictatorship and war, undermines democracy, and taints our environment. Internationally, it stitches together often very different countries in webs of mutual dependence.
We will discuss global trends in the production and use of energy, its impact on the environment, and the geopolitical issues around energy security and trade using the United States energy developments and energy-related policies as a backdrop. We will look at policies such as the US ban on crude exports, regulation of LNG exports by FERC, the Jones Act, as well as environmental policies including but not limited to EPA’s Clean Air Act and Clean Water Act. In this context we will explore theoretical debates about energy’s influence on governance and development around the world, and consider the future roles of big exporters in the Middle East and growing centers of demand in Asia. We will study innovations and events that have reshaped the energy landscape in the United States and other big consumers, and look at policies that are shifting economies away from fossil fuels and nuclear power. We will also get involved in these debates, drafting recommendations intended to inform government policy.
Policy and Design Seminar: Energy Port Cities
Instructor: Mark Hughes
This research seminar will explore the role played by port cities in the movement of energy resources around the world, the physical and economic impact of that role on these cities and regions, and the opportunities and challenges facing these cities in the complex and uncertain energy transition currently underway. The discovery and invention of more concentrated forms of energy during the modern era has generated infrastructures for transporting fuels and transmitting electricity over increasingly large distances. These infrastructures have created port cities characterized by land use patterns and inter-industries configurations that are massive, expensive, durable, and highly specific. They continue to generate great wealth and wages, while also generating externalized climate, environmental, and health costs that are better regulated in some place than in others.
All of these conditions yield policy and design challenges for cities and nations, especially as the world slowly but steadily builds a policy regime for mitigating climate change. The global energy system is a key source of the greenhouse gas emissions driving climate change. As policies are developed and enforced to reduce and eliminate those emissions, the role of energy port cities will change dramatically over the long transition of the next 50 years. How can cities guide that transition with policy and design choices that optimize future outcomes for port cities? How can nations use port cities to meet their global climate commitments? The seminar will discuss weekly assigned readings and students can expect to read approximately a book a week throughout the semester. Students will write three 5-page papers on weekly readings and lead part of the seminar discussion three times during the semester. They will submit a 10-page final project in the form of a research agenda that identifies a set of important questions that could help guide policy and design choices facing energy port cities and the industries and nations that influence them.
Shale Oil and Gas: A Systems Analysis of Changing Energy Markets
Instructor: William Hederman
Hydraulic fracturing technology has transformed America’s energy status. Instead of running out of domestic oil and gas, an abundance scenario has reduced energy costs throughout the economy, affected the domestic jobs mix, diminished the threat of Russian strategic withholding of oil or gas supplies, and reduced the economic power of OPEC.
The far-reaching effects of this energy technology breakthrough provide an opportunity to examine in detail how the interdependent energy technology and energy market systems interact to affect many other decisions and developments. For example, the success of shale gas development to the point where there being oversupplies lowered market prices for natural gas. The lower prices first led to more natural gas-fired power being dispatched because of lower price bids for the gas-fired power versus coal-fired power. This, in turn, led to lower overall prices for electric power priced in organized markets, such as PJM. As the price of electricity declined, revenues for renewable power and for base load power (both coal-fired and nuclear) declined. The decreased profitability of nuclear plants has driven the early retirement of several of these plants. This has lowered the production of zero carbon emitting power. The FERC, nuclear facility owners, and some state commissions are trying to address this challenge to keep nuclear power in the Clean Power Plan options. Other technology effects include the improved outlook for gas-dependent manufacturing. With shale oil, the rapid production growth in the non-traditional area of North Dakota out-paced pipeline capacity growth. This, in turn, affected railroad systems. Railroads expanded tanker car capacity and moved significant volumes of crude oil from ND to the east, gulf and west coasts. The oil unit trains displaced many coal unit trains - which adversely affected coal power plant operations. Internationally, the significant growth of US oil/gas production affected global prices. For both geological and policy reasons, hydraulic fracturing with horizontal drilling is quite limited elsewhere in the world.
The success of hydraulic fracturing for U.S. shale development offers specific lessons for contemporary energy policy as well as more general lessons about the impact of technology innovation on policy and markets.
Ideas in Energy Policy
Instructor: Mark Hughes
This seminar will explore a collection of ideas influencing energy policy development in the U.S. and around the world. Our platform for this exploration will be seven recent books to be discussed during the semester. These books each contribute important insights to seven ideas that influence energy policy: Narrative, Transition, Measurement, Systems, Subsidiarity, Disruption, Attachment. The seven books are:
Policy Paradox (2011) by Stone (ISBN 978-0-393-91272-2)
Climate Shock (2015) by Wagner and Weitzman (ISBN 978-0-691-15947-8)
Power Density (2015) by Smil (ISBN 978-0-262-02914-8)
Connectography (2016) by Khanna (E-ISBN 978-0-812-98856-7)
Climate of Hope (2017) by Bloomberg and Pope (ISBN 978-1-250-14207-8)
Utility of the Future (2016) by MIT Energy Initiative (ISBN (978-0-692-80824-5)
Retreat from a Rising Sea (2016) by Pilkey, Pilkey-Jarvis, Pilkey (E-ISBN 978-0-231-54180-0)
Introduction to Environmental Planning and Policy
Instructor: Tom Daniels
Overview of federal programs for protecting air quality, water quality, and endangered species along with managing climate change, solid waste, toxics, energy, transportation, and remediating brownfields in an overall sustainability framework. State-level, local government, and NGO efforts to protect the environment are also explored as are green infrastructure and green cities.
Instructor: Allison Lassiter
Sustainability is the organizing device for some of the most sophisticated and innovative policy development by local governments around the world over the past decade. This diverse portfolio of ideas and actions has served as a platform for the introduction of metrics into governments, for the planning for resilience in assets and operations, and for the alignment of local government policies and practices within a common framework. As both policy-makers and policy-takers (from other governments and external interests), local governments now see the implementation of ambitious goals as a key focus of current sustainability policy and planning. This course unites three celebrated leaders to examine sustainability initiatives from American cities, with selected international comparisons, to explore cutting-edge challenges facing the next generation of leaders in Sustainable Cities. This course will be taught by Mark Alan Hughes, Professor of Practice at PennDesign and creator of the "Greenworks Philadelphia" plan; Alan Greenberger, Deputy Mayor for Economic Development and Planning and creator of the "Philadelphia2035" Comprehensive Plan; and Howard Neukrug, Water Commissioner for the City of Philadelphia’s Water Department and creator of the "Green City, Clean Waters" plan.
Air Transportation Systems Planning
Instructor: Megan Ryerson
Air transportation is a fascinating multi-disciplinary area of transportation bringing together business, planning, engineering, and policy. In this course, we explore the air transportation system from multiple perspectives through a series of lessons and case studies. Topics will include airport and intercity multi-modal environmental planning, network design and reliability, air traffic management and recovery from irregular operations, airline operations, economics, and fuel, air transportation sustainability, and land use issues related to air transportation systems. This course will introduce concepts in economics and behavioral modeling, operations research, statistics, environmental planning, and human factors that are used in aviation and are applicable to other transportation systems. The course will emphasize learning through lessons, guest lecturers, case studies of airport development, and an individual group and research project.
Designing with Risk
Instructors: Matthijs Bouw & Ellen Neises
This research seminar investigates designing with risk, particularly as it relates to the problem of climate adaptation and resilience. The role design can have in managing risk is to a large extent uncharted territory. Our aim is to explore potential roles and tools of design as a means of responding to risk in spatial, infrastructural and policy projects at a variety of scales. In collaboration with faculty and thinkers in other disciplines, we will develop a body of knowledge about risk and how it relates to streams of intellectual energy around resilience. We will use the research seminar to collectively scope the openings where design can have the greatest agency (in either reducing risk or leveraging the potential for change that risk and instability create). These will be opportunities for further research, design projects, studios, investment or other intervention.
We will look at two risk types—energy resilience and coastal adaptation—in greater depth and from many standpoints, mixing philosophy, policy, economics, science, regulation, engineering technique and design. Critical analysis of texts and case study projects will build a repertoire of ideas and operations that students can apply in their own design practice. Guest lectures will contribute varied perspectives on risk and opportunity at the climate and project levels. The desired outcome of the seminar is not only a better understanding the opportunities for design to exert influence, but also a well-visualized “toolbox” of instruments and strategies for engaging risk in a range of concrete resilience design projects. This research will help shape a larger effort at PennDesign to position architects, landscape architects and planners as crucial allies in risk management.
Public Finance and Public Policy
Instructor: Alec Ian Gershberg
This course deals with how governments tax and spend. Students become familiar with the theoretical, empirical, and practical tools and methods used to createand analyze government budgets, as well as the flow of public resources. The course examines public revenues and expenditures within the context of fiscal federalism, in addition to budgeting and resource management and the social, economic, and political forces that shape the fiscal environment within which governments (particularly state and local governments) operate. Significant attention is paid to tax policy analysis and the fiscal crises confronting manylarge cities and states. Additional special topics covered include health care & social security, public education finance, public finance and the environment, bond markets & municipal finance, and public pensions.
Instructor: Holger Sieg
This course provides students with the knowledge required to understand government operations in relation to the market economy. In theory of supply and demand, students explore the pricing mechanism, price elasticity, and the effects of price controls on markets. Efficiency is examined in connection with competition and again in connection with equity, and market failure is considered as a reason for government intervention. Cost-benefit analysis is examined in the context of selecting among public investment alternatives. The course also assists students in addressing issues connected with local public goods and economic development.
OIDD/BEPP 761/ESE 567
Risk Analysis and Environmental Management
Instructor: Howard Kunreuther
This course is designed to introduce students to the complexities of making decisions about threats to human health and the environment when people’s perceptions of risks and their decision-making processes differ from experts’ views. Recognizing the limitations of individuals in processing information, the course explores how techniques such as decision analysis and cost-benefit analysis can incorporate risk assessments and risk perception in structuring risk-management decisions. It will also examine policy tools such as risk communication, incentive systems, third party inspection, insurance, regulations and standards in different problem contexts.
The problem contexts for studying the interactions between risk assessment, risk perception and risk management will include issues of risk communication, economic incentives for encouraging risk reduction measures, insurance and third-party inspections coupled with regulations and standards. Areas of application including climate change, pandemics, siting of noxious facilities, managing catastrophic risks including those from terrorism, natural disasters and industrial accidents. A course project will enable students to apply the concepts discussed in the course to a concrete problem.
Energy Markets and Policy
Instructor: Arthur van Benthem
Over the last several decades, energy markets have become some of the most dynamic markets of the world economy. Traditional fossil fuel and electricity markets have seen a partial shift from heavy regulation to market-driven incentives, while rising environmental concerns have led to a wide array of new regulations and “environmental markets.” The growth of renewable energy could be another source of rapid change, but brings with it a whole new set of technological and policy challenges. This changing energy landscape requires quick adaptation from energy companies, but also offers opportunities to turn regulations into new business. The objective of this course is to provide the economist’s perspective on a broad range of topics that professionals in the energy industry will encounter. Topics include the effect of competition, market power and scarcity on energy prices, the impact of deregulation on electricity and fossil fuel markets, extraction and pricing of oil and gas, geopolitical uncertainty and risk in hydrocarbon investments, the environmental impact and policies related to the energy sector, environmental cap-and-trade markets, energy efficiency, the economics and finance of renewable energy, and recent developments in the transportation sector.
Instructor: Erik Gilje
The objective of this course is to provide students with detailed knowledge of corporate structures, valuation methods, project finance, risk management practices, corporate governance issues, and geo-political risks in the energy industry. In general, this course seeks to provide students with an overall context for understanding energy issues and risks, and how these might affect financing and investment decisions for both providers of energy and end-users of energy.
Instructor: Cary Coglianese, Sarah Light
This course focuses on both the substance and process of environmental law in the United States. The goal is for students to become familiar with the basic structure of federal environmental law and regulation, both to prepare for legal counseling and advocacy as well as to be able to engage in policy evaluation and design of environmental law. The course will cover key federal environmental statutes, such as the Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, Superfund, and the Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act, as well as selected EPA regulations. The course will focus on the major legal and policy issues underlying environmental statutes, as well as on legal methods of statutory interpretation. Classroom attendance and preparation is expected. There will be an in-class exam. This is a 1L elective course and 1Ls will receive priority in enrollment.
Land Use Law
Instructor: Wendell Pritchett
This course explores the relatively young and evolving field of land use law, seeking to understand the theoretical basis for such regulation, the effects (intended, unintended or perhaps unconsciously intended) of such regulation and the practicalities of land use and development within the legal framework. Among the major issues this course will examine are: the law of zoning, the constitutional constraints on land use regulation, and the establishment and enforcement of subdivision and land development controls, and other development regulations. The course will examine several current topics in land use regulation, including exclusionary zoning, environmental justice, smart growth, and historic preservation. Students will approach these questions from both theoretical and practical vantage points, and will be required to conduct research on how land use regulations are implemented in "real world" situations.
Energy Law and Climate Change
Instructor: Kenneth Kulak
This course provides an introduction to U.S. energy law and examines policy initiatives to address the challenges of climate change, focusing on electric generation. The course begins with study of the legal framework of regulation of the U.S. electric utility industry and the evolving power and responsibilities of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, state public utility commissions, and other administrative agencies. The course then examines the emergence of climate change as an energy policy issue in this regulatory context and analyzes key federal and state initiatives (and alternatives) designed to achieve a reduction in carbon emissions, including expanded use of renewable energy, energy efficiency, and distributed generation. Class is limited to 16 students. Grading will be based on a seminar paper and class participation.
Regulatory Law and Policy
Instructor: Cary Coglianese
This seminar provides a unique educational opportunity for anyone interested in contemporary developments in regulatory law and policy across a variety of issue areas. Throughout the term, seminar participants follow regulatory developments in real time as well as encounter some of the most up-to-date research on regulatory issues. The primary work of the seminar centers around the production of RegBlog, a daily on-line source of writing about regulatory news, analysis, and opinion. The format of weekly seminars varies, ranging from early lectures on the regulatory process to in-depth discussions of contemporary regulatory issues, and from critique of peer writing samples to analysis of current research articles. Seminar participants complete short weekly writing assignments which may be selected for publication on RegBlog through a peer editing process overseen by Professor Coglianese. The emphasis of these assignments is on producing high-quality writing, of publishable caliber. Participants have the opportunity to focus their work on the regulatory law and policy issues that interest them the most. This seminar meets weekly throughout the year, and students may enroll for the Fall Term, Spring Term, or both terms.
Oil and Gas Law
Instructor: Christopher Lewis
This seminar is an introduction to oil and gas law and oil and gas disputes, with an emphasis on controversies emanating from hydraulic fracturing.
In this class, we will survey the evolution of oil and gas law, from common law doctrines defining and promoting the rights of mineral owners, to recent efforts to ban hydraulic fracturing through legislation, zoning, and tort litigation. We will also examine pipeline regulation and recent controversies affecting pipeline infrastructure development, including battles over eminent domain and conflicts between state and federal review of pipeline projects.
Our goal is to accomplish three learning objectives: (1) to provide students with a deeper and more refined understanding of the oil and gas industry and the legal theories underpinning its growth and development; (2) to explore the intense opposition to hydraulic fracturing and how various legal doctrines have been deployed to wage that opposition; and (3) to examine the interplay of law, economics, and politics in the shaping of the regulatory frameworks that govern oil and gas development.
Energy Engineering in Power Plants and Transportation Systems
Instructor: Jennifer R. Lukes
Most energy consumed in the U.S. and in the world is produced using thermal-to-mechanical energy conversion. In this course, students will learn the engineering principles that govern how heat is converted to mechanical power in electric power plants, jet aircraft, and internal combustion engines. Topics covered include a review of thermodynamics and basic power cycles, supercritical, combined, and hybrid cycles, cogeneration, jet propulsion, and reciprocating internal combustion engines. A brief introduction to desalination and combustion is also included. The material in this course will provide students a foundation important for industrial and research employment in energy engineering.
Energy Storage & Technology, Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability
Instructor: Christopher Murray
This course will cover the fundamental materials science issues central to the design of sustainable energy technology. The goal of this course is to expose students to the emerging advances in materials science and materials chemistry that underpin technologies for energy conversion (fuel cells, thermoelectrics, photovoltaics, wind energy etc..), storage (biofuels, artificial photosynthesis, batteries etc) and distribution (smart grids and hydrogen and methane economy concepts etc..) and to place these in a real-world context. This class will emphasize concepts in "green materials and green engineering practices" that are emerging with a global focus on "Sustainable Technology." "Sustainability is defined as meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs." Engineering materials and processes at all scales; molecular/nanometer, micro, and the macro-scale are critical to developing the tools society required to meet the growing needs for energy and sustainable materials for the built environment. This course is appropriate for graduate students and advanced undergraduates in Penn's Material Science Programs. Core MSE curriculum components in thermodynamics, structure, electronic & ionic transport, mechanics, polymers and optical materials will be expected, and exposure to the preparation in basic Chemistry and Physics will be advantageous in this highly interdisciplinary course.